Diseases and Quarantine. In general if there was active disease on board the Otago Medical Officer would be notified by the ships doctor and all quarantined. Sometimes the sick or well stayed on the ship. The last quarantined person that died on the island was in 1916 (over 100 years ago). No bacteria, virus or spore could survive that long.
Diseases: Smallpox virus. had been a devastating disease until widespread immunisation in the early 1800’s. For some the immunisation did not work thus occasional cases occurred. Today- smallpox is eradicated but immunisation still used.
Measles virus. Today-it is aimed to eliminate this worldwide by immunisation. However humanitarian issues have delayed this.
Diptheria/Croup. Bacteria. Today-immunisation
Typhoid. Bacteria. Today-immunization.
Scarlet fever/Scarlatina. Bacteria. Strep sore thought, then bacteria spread throughout the body. Today, treated by antibiotics (since 1940’s).
Whooping cough. Bacteria. Today immunisation works. It is more common in babies before immunisation (1300 cases in NZ in 2017, approx 1 death per year)
|Year||Monthh||Datey||Days in Q||Ship Name||Port of Departure||Diseases||Comments|
|1860||Sept||3||7||Robert Henderson||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||scarlet fever|
|1860||Oct||26||½||Silistria||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||smallpox|
|1863||July||12||31+||Victory||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||smallpox|
|1863||Sept||14||29||Mataura||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||smallpox, scarlet fever|
|1863||Dec||5||2||Daniel Rankin||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||smallpox|
|1864||Sept||23||4||City of Dunedin||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||fever|
|1866||Sept||21||26||Resolute||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||smallpox|
|1867||Oct||12||1||Echunga||Gravesend, London, England||smallpox|
|1868||Feb||18||7||Fairy Queen||Mauritius, Africa||fever|
|1870||Dec||23||13||Robert Henderson||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||scarlatina (scarlet fever)|
|1872||Dec||5||11+||Christian McCausland||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||scarlatina (scarlet fever)||Diary entry|
|1872||Dec||6||17+||Palmerston||Hamburg, Germany||scarlatina (scarlet fever)|| Diary.
Carried many Polish immigrants
|1873||Feb||16||4+||Charlotte Gladstone||Gravesend, London, England||typhoid||338 passengers to Otago, Diary|
|1873||Nov||6||7+||Lady Jocelyn||Gravesend, London, England||diphtheria||198 passengers to Otago|
|1874||Feb||13||28+||SS Mongol||Plymouth, England||scarlet fever||Ship with the most deaths on the Island, coincidentally the first Steam immigrant ship to NZ. Arrival announced|
|1874||Feb||28||9+||Carnatic||London, England||scarlet fever, measles|
|1874||Mar||5||13+||Scimitar||Plymouth, England||scarlet fever, measles|
|1874||June||8||9||SS Atrato||Plymouth, England||measles, croup/diptheria||Had 762 immigrants on board and of that number 280 were children. There was much sickness on board and before New Zealand was reached there were 33 deaths, all being infant with one exception.|
|1875||Jan||10||5||Margaret Galbraith||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||scarlet fever|
|1875||Feb||12||10+||Gareloch||London, England||scarlet fever|
|1875||Feb||17||15+||Oamaru||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||scarlet fever|
|1875||Sept||30||1+||Invercargill||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||whooping cough|
|1876||Nov||19||8+||Dunedin||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||measles|
|1876||Dec||16||6+||Oamaru||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||measles, fever|
|1877||Mar||25||29||Gloucester||Hong Kong, China||smallpox||Carrying workers from China. 122 passengers 4 still had smallpox. Tents on the Island.|
|1877||Nov||21||9||Waipa||Plymouth, England||scarlet fever|
|1877||Dec||30||17||Canterbury||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||typhoid|
|1879||Mar||24||11||Lyttelton||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||scarlatina (scarlet fever)|
|1879||Dec||23||6+||Auckland||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||measles|
|1880||Jan||7||5+||Marlborough||Grenock, Glasgow, Scotland||measles|
|1881||June||29||17||Charles Worsley||London, England||smallpox|
|1887||Jan||29||7||Ruapehu||Plymouth, England||scarlatina (scarlet fever)|
|1889||Aug||28||5||Coptic||Plymouth, England||scarlatina (scarlet fever)|
|1894||May||23||21||Rimutaka||London, England||scarlet fever|
|1902||Aug||5||13||Orient||Capetown, South Africa||measles, smallpox|
|1916||May||16||14||Willochra||London, England||smallpox||Returning troopship had smallpox outbreak, Private Wilson died and was in the cemetery until 1947.|
List of diaries of immigrants available at the Alexander Turnbull Library
Lists of ships and people that came to Port Chalmers